Ohjaaja Mario Gas
Sung in Italian with English surtitles
A temporary wife was a widespread practice in Japan at the end of the 19th century. The West - with the United States leading - had established diplomatic and commercial relations with the country in the mid-century and the fascination with the birthplace of geishas spread like wildfire. The influence of a distant (and imaginary) Orient would take form in works by a variety of European and North American artists that continued well into the 20th century. In this way, Butterfly is a crass embodiment of the conflict between two irreconcilable civilizations, one which dominates the other.